Friday, 25 July 2014

History of Indonesian Coffee

The history of coffee in Indonesia starting from the Dutch governor in Malabar(Hindia) sending Yemeni Arabica coffee seedlings to the Dutch Governor of Batavia (now Jakarta) in 1696.

The first seeds failed due to flooding in Batavia. A second shipment of seeds sent in 1699. Plants thrive successfully, and in 1711 the first exports sent from Java to Europe by the Dutch East India Company, or VOC as the Netherlands (Vereeningde Oost-Indische Companies) established in 1602. In 10 years, exports rose to 60 tons per year. Indonesia is the first place, outside the Arab and Ethiopia, where coffee is widely planted. VOC monopolized coffee trading in 1725-1780.

The Story Of Coffee

The global spread of coffee growing and drinking began in the Horn of Africa, where, according to legend, coffee trees originated in the Ethiopian province of Kaffa. It is recorded that the fruit of the plant, known as coffee cherries, was eaten by slaves taken from present day Sudan into Yemen and Arabia through the great port of its day, Mocha. Coffee was certainly being cultivated in Yemen by the 15th century and probably much earlier. In an attempt to prevent its cultivation elsewhere, the Arabs imposed a ban on the export of fertile coffee beans, a restriction that was eventually circumvented in 1616 by the Dutch, who brought live coffee plants back to the Netherlands to be grown in greenhouses.